Blockchain in Dubai: Smart cities from concept to reality
Author Saqr Ereiqat
Dubai is known for being at the forefront of technological innovation. As one of the first governments to engage with blockchain, Dubai’s story is inspirational and can provide a road map to anyone interested in creating smart cities by transforming transactions with the distributed ledger technology. The journey began when blockchain was just a concept, and Dubai is now carrying out a city-wide pilot that will help make it more of a reality.
Global Blockchain Counsel is established
In February 2016, Dubai announced the Global Blockchain Council. The council currently consists of a wide range of members, including government entities, leading United Arab Emirates banks, blockchain technology firms and international companies such as IBM. This announcement was followed by the creation of Dubai Future Accelerators, a program that “brings together the best companies, entrepreneurs and government entities, who understand global challenges and invest in breakthrough technologies.”
Dubai blockchain proof of concepts are unveiled
Blockchain is a relatively new technology, so it has to be thoroughly researched and tested before being put into production. At an industry conference in May 2016, the Global Blockchain Council disclosed plans for seven proof of concepts.
- Digitize health records on blockchain to provide patients and care providers with secure access to medical data.
- Digitize and transfer Kimberley certificates on blockchain to secure the diamond trade.
- Transfer titles of illiquid assets on blockchain to increase trade efficiency.
- Streamline ID verification to reduce business registration times.
- Use blockchain-based wills and contracts to ease transfer of ownership.
- Boost tourism in Dubai through a blockchain-based program that would allow visitors to better earn and spend loyalty points.
- Apply blockchain to trade finance to more effectively exchange goods and the financing for those goods.
As you can see, there are many different areas in which blockchain can be used to transform traditional processes.
Dubai’s blockchain strategy is launched
Dubai’s leaders are invested in blockchain and believe it will be a key component in maintaining a competitive edge.
Following this belief, H.H. Sheikh Hamdan bin Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Dubai Crown Prince and Chairman of the Board of Trustees of Dubai Future Foundation, reinforced Dubai’s position as a global leader in transforming digital enterprise when he announced Dubai’s blockchain strategy in October 2016. Dubai Future Foundation oversees the strategy and Smart Dubai Office is the executive arm. In addition to the goal of using blockchain for all relevant government documents by 2020, the strategy has three main objectives: government efficiency, industry creation and international leadership.
The city of Dubai and IBM’s collaboration
Dubai recognizes how collaboration is vital when developing with new technologies. This February, it was announced that IBM would be working together with eight organizations across three countries to test blockchain technology for tracking the import and export of goods into Dubai. The solution aims to replace paper-based contracts through the use of smart contracts and to harmonize the trade finance lifecycle within a single platform.
On the technical side, the solution is using Hyperledger Fabric and IBM Cloud to provide stakeholders with real-time shipment data and leveraging Watson IoT for device-reported data to update and validate the smart contracts.
City-wide blockchain pilot is revealed
The most recent step in Dubai’s journey was revealed last month. It is a city-wide pilot to implement blockchain technology in city services. The goal is to offer government services on interoperable blockchains and create a cohesive ecosystem that can dramatically reduce wasted time, effort and resources. Dubai government entities, such as the Road and Transport Authority (RTA), organized innovation labs that included CEOs, representatives of Smart Dubai Office and Dubai Future Foundation, and experts specialized in blockchain technology such as IBM and Banco Santander, to define the impact on the RTA strategy and ideate for relevant use cases.
The Smart Dubai Office is embarking on the effort in collaboration with IBM as the lead strategic partner for blockchain. IBM was selected after a competitive and rigorous process, during which the company demonstrated deep technical expertise and a strong commitment to support the development of the technology towards interoperability.
What will the future bring?
These projects as well as others show Dubai’s dedication and drive to create an institutional framework within the region. This will enable Dubai’s leaders to facilitate the expansion of blockchain technology throughout many of their sectors. They are well on their way to making blockchain a reality.