Vitalik Buterin, co-founder of Ethereum, has expressed concerns about the increasing influence of decentralized autonomous organizations (DAOs) in the selection of node operators within liquidity staking pools.
In a blog post, Buterin raises alarm over the adoption of the DAO model for governance in staking pools, which oversee the management of significant assets. He warns that this approach could expose these pools to potential risks posed by malicious actors.
Buterin points out that the dominance of a single staking token within a DAO governance model could lead to a single, vulnerable governance mechanism controlling a substantial portion of Ethereum validators.
He cites the example of Lido, a liquid staking provider with a DAO that validates node operators. While protocols like Lido have implemented protective measures, Buterin underscores the potential insufficiency of relying on a single layer of defense.
On a different note, Buterin discusses Rocket Pool, which allows anyone to become a node operator by making an 8 Ether deposit, equivalent to approximately $13,406 at the time of writing. However, he acknowledges the associated risks, as this approach can potentially enable attackers to carry out a 51% attack on the network and impose significant costs on users.
Buterin emphasizes the need for a mechanism to determine who can function as the underlying node operators. While it cannot be entirely unrestricted to prevent attackers from exploiting users’ funds, he suggests that encouraging ecosystem participants to utilize a variety of liquid staking providers could mitigate the risk of a single provider becoming overly dominant and posing systemic threats.
Nevertheless, Buterin also cautions against overreliance on moralistic pressure to solve such issues in the long run, as it may not provide a stable solution.